Biofouling is a significant issue in the maintenance of groundwater pumping systems, be they for water supplies or for remediation of groundwater contamination. Below are some examples of Fe and Mn bacteria isolated from production wells used for cooling water. The source water is from unconfined flow in a buried-valley glacial aquifer

[click on an image for full scale version]

Filamentous Fe oxidizer in production piping Filamentous Fe oxidizer recovered from heat exchanger
High magnification view of filaments from heat exchanger Mn oxidizers growing on top of fe oxidizers
Mn-rich scale in production well High magnification view of Mn scale
Well #1. Thin, Mn-rich coating Well #2. Thick, Fe-rich coating
Well #3. Intermediate thickness scale with Fe and Mn Relationship between Fe content of produced water and Fe content of scale