References to tailings dam and waste pile failures

Alonso, E.E.& Gens, A. 2006. Aznalcóllar dam failure. Part 1: Field observations and material properties. Géotechnique,  56, 165–184.

Ayala-Carcedo, F.J. 2004. La rotura de la balsa de residuos mineros de Aznalcóllar (España) de 1998 y el desastre ecológico consecuente del rio Guadiamar : causas, efectos y lecciones. Boletín Geológico y Minero, 115, 711–738.

Berti, M., Genevois, R.& Tecca, P.R. 1997. The 1985 flow slide and debris flow at Stava (Italy), in Chen, C-L. (ed.) Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation. American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, 309–321.

Bishop, A.W. 1973. The stability of tips and spoil heaps. Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology,  6, 335–376.

Bishop, A.W., Hutchinson, J.N., Penman, A.D.M.& Evans, H.E. 1969. Geotechnical investigation into the causes and circumstances of the disaster of 21st October, 1966. In:  A Selection of Technical Reports Submitted to the Aberfan Tribunal. HM Stationary Office, London, 1–82.

Bleasdale, A. 1969. Meteorological conditions relating to the Aberfan inquiry. In: A Selection of Technical Reports Submitted to the Aberfan Tribunal. HM Stationary Office,  London, 207–218.

Brawner, C.O. 1979. Stability in open pit and strip mining coal operations. In Brawner, C, O.& Dorling, I.P.F. (eds) Stability in Coal Mining. Miller Freeman Publications,  San Francisco, 13–28.

Casagrande, L.& McIver, B.N. 1971. Design and construction of tailings dams. In Brawner, C.O. & Milligan, V., Stability in Open Pit Mining. New York, Society of Mining Engineers, 181–203.

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Cerewko, M.A.& Cripps, J.C. 1998, Simple index tests for assessing the durability properties of mudrocks. In: Evangelista, A. and Picarelli, L. (eds) The Geotechnics of Hard Soils – Soft Rocks. A.A. Balkema,  Rotterdam, 127–135.

Chandler, R.J.& Tosatti, G. 1995. The Stava tailings dam failure, Italy, July 1985. In Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers Geotechnical Engineering,  113,  67–79.

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Dobry, R.& Alvarez, L. 1967. Seismic failures of Chilean tailings dams. Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundation Division, American Society of Civil Engineers,  94,  237–260.

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East, D.R. 2000. Tailings dam failures — why do they continue to occur? Mining Engineering,  2, December,  57–60.

Eriksson, N.& Adamek, P. 2000. The tailings pond failure at the Aznalcollar mine, Spain: Sixth International Symposium in Environmental Issues and Waste Management in Energy and Mineral Production, Calgary, 30 May – 2 June.

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Genevois, R.& Tecca, P.R. 1993.  The tailings dams of Stava (northern Italy): An analysis of the disaster. In Chowdhury, R. and Sivakumar, M. (eds) Environmental Management. Geo–Water and Engineering Aspects. A.A. Balkema,  Rotterdam, 23–38.

Gens, A.& Alonso, E.E. 2006. Aznalcóllar dam failure. Part 2: Stability conditions and failure mechanism. Géotechnique,  56,  185–201.

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Sammarco, O. 2004. A tragic disaster caused by the failure of tailings dams leads to the formation of the Stava 1985 Foundation. Mine Water and the Environment 23,  91–95.

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