Binkilic -- carbonate ore

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Location - Turkey, Black Sea region

Age (of protore) - 28 Ma

Original size - 0.3 million tonnes of Mn

References

Öztürk, H., and Frakes, L.A., 1995, Sedimentation and diagenesis of an Oligocene manganese deposit in a shallow
subbasin of the Parathethys: Thrace Basin, Turkey: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 10, p. 117-132.

 

major elements - trace elements - rare-earth elements - REE normalized - isotopes

Major Elements, oxide percent

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

MnO
Fe2O3t
SiO2
Al203
CaO
MgO
K2O
Na2O
TiO2
P205
LOI

Average

 

Mn ore
47.2 2.6 8.2 1.9 10.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.3 22.2
1 FW 0.1 0.2 2.2 0.5 53.6 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.02 0.13 42.5
2      FW 4.1 0.6 2.2 0.4 48.9 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.03 0.66 40.2
3 ore 51.2 1.2 12.1 3 6.6 1.1 0.6 0.4 0.14 0.22 26.8
4 ore 46.3 2.5 13.2 3.5 6.2 2.4 0.6 0.2 0.16 0.27 21.2
5 ore 69.2 0.1 7.7 1.1 0.9 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.03 0.25 14.1
6 ore 32.2 2.0 7.6 2.1 20.3 0.3 0.9 0.4 0.08 0.44 24.6
7 ore 67.9 1.8 2.7 1 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.06 0.4 16
8      ore 57.8 1.0 11.1 2.2 1.6 0.1 0.7 0.6 0.09 0.34 15
9 ore 32.7 0.4 4.3 0.9 20 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.04 0.25 34.6
10      ore 29.7 1.4 12.2 3 21.9 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.11 0.35 25.4
11 ore 37.9 12.7 2.5 0.6 16.8 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.06 0.3 22.5
12 HW 1.00 2.00 11.3 3.3 43.7 0.9 0.4 0.2 0.15 0.25 38
13 fish beds 0.10 6.2 49.4 15.5 4.9 3 2.2 0.6 0.65 0.18 23.2

 

Trace elements, ppm

 

 

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

ppm

 

As
Ba
Cd
Co
Cr
Cu
Mo
Nb
Ni
Pb
Rb
Sc
Sr
Th
U
V
Y
Zn
Zr
avg
na
10397
na
72 4 22
na
na
165 nr nr nr nr nr nr 117 17 43 26
1
25
7.5 9.9 1.6     37.2             7.1 4 1 30.3
2     
90
13.4 26.3 3.5     68.5             25.7 11.3 8.6 6.9
3
1075
77.8 1 8.7     297             166 20 44.9 28.2
4
18714
64.6 1 17.9     106             172 13.3 34.6 70.4
5
9133
52.7 12.6 13.8     41.8             77.8 13 37.4 17.2
6
16476
91.6 4.1 20.3     291             103 31.8 51.4 26.4
7
14148
83.8 1 21.8     91.6             122 14 44.7 15.6
8     
17461
43.8 9.8 9.2     7.1             139 15.6 28.9 29
9
716
41.4 1 4.3     116             90.8 12.7 18.1 9.2
10     
12894
81.2 1 17.1     240             97.1 23.8 44.9 26.5
11
2955
110 1 82.4     295             85.5 12.5 80.5 7.1
12
895
17 65.1 9.8     80             53.4 17.5 16 23.9
13
269
84.5 198 124     496             244 23.3 229 110

blank or nr = not reported; bd = below detection

Rare-earth elements, ppm

 

Sample
La
Ce
Pr
Nd
Sm
Eu
Gd
Tb
Dy 
Ho 
Er 
Tm 
Yb
Lu
avg 16 26 nr 12 3 3 nr 1 2 nr nr nr 1.6 nr
1 3 4 2
2      16 20 12 2.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
3 14 22 15 3.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 2.0
4 15 39 13 3.0 4.0 2.0 2.0
5 10 17 9 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.0
6 32 54 26 5.0 4.0 1.0 3.0 3.0
7 12 23 9 2.0 3.0 1.0 1.0
8      17 25 14 3.0 4.0 1.0 1.0
9 11 16 3 2.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
10      21 34 17 3.0 3.0 1.0 2.0 2.0
11 9 8 5 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
12 15 24   12 2.0 1.0     1.0 1.0
13 7 54 27 5.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 3.0

Rare-earth elements,

normalized to chondritic values of Taylor & McLennan (1992)

Sample
LaN
CeN
PrN
NdN
SmN
EuN
GdN
TbN
YbN
Ce/Ce*
Eu/Eu*
LaN/YbN
avg 43 28 23 17 12 29 29 40 6 0.877 1.592 6.806 0.7515 1.592 7.9806
1
2      43.60 20.90 23.16 16.88 8.66 11.494 4.032 0.658 10.812
3 38.15 22.99 25.70 21.10 12.99 11.494 24.90 34.48 8.065 0.734 0.639 4.730
4 40.87 40.75 23.91 18.28 12.99 45.977 8.065 1.304 5.068
5 27.25 17.76 16.34 12.66 8.66 22.989 4.032 0.842 6.757
6 87.19 56.43 48.85 36.57 21.65 45.977 38.69 51.72 12.097 0.865 1.589 7.208
7 32.70 24.03 17.37 12.66 8.66 34.483 4.032 1.009 8.109
8      46.32 26.12 26.19 19.69 12.99 45.977 4.032 0.750 11.488
9 29.97 16.72 8.11 4.22 8.66 11.494 4.032 1.072 7.433
10      57.22 35.53 31.98 23.91 12.99 34.483 24.90 34.48 8.065 0.830 1.917 7.095
11 24.52 8.36 10.66 7.03 4.33 11.494 4.032 0.517 6.082
12 40.87 25.08 22.66 16.88 8.66 11.494 4.032 0.824 10.136
13 19.07 56.43 30.19 37.97 21.65 11.494 38.69 51.72 12.097 2.352 0.397 1.577

Isotopes

Sample
TC % TOC % Ccarb % δ13C pdb δ18O pdb δ18O smow Stotal % δ34S sulfide 87Sr/86Sr
avg    
-6.61 24.32 -6.39
.
 
1    
-1.98 22.296 -8.41
 
2            -7.33 22.516 -8.19      
3       -7.46 23.946 -6.76      
4    
     
5    
     
6    
-5.37 23.746 -6.96      
7    
     
8         
     
9       -7.31 26.436 -4.27      
10            -5.6 23.826 -6.88      
11       -7.33 23.626 -7.08      
12    
-5.99 23.156 -7.55      
13