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A

Acharya, B.C., Rao, D.S., and Sahoo, R.K., 1997, Mineralogy, chemistry and genesis of Nishikal manganese ores of South Orissa, India: Journal of the Geological Society of India, v. 36, p. 644-653.

Abrecht, J., 1990, An As-rich manganiferous mineral assemblage from the Kodnitz Valley (Eastern Alps, Austria): Geology, mineralogy, genetic considerations, and implications for metamorphic Mn deposits: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, no. 8, p. 363-375.

Aleksiev, B. 1960. Sedimentare Manganerse des Oligozans bei Varna-Bulgarien. Freiberger Forschungshefte, C 79, Berlin

Aleksiev, B., & Nacheva, L. 1969. Characteristic of manganese ore from Obrochishte deposit, Tolbuhin area. Ann. Sofia University, Geol-Geogr. Fac. 61: 237–260 (in Bulgarian)


Aleksiev, B., & Nacheva, L. 1969. Substaintal composition of manganese ore from Obrochishte deposit. Ore Product. Metallurgy 7: 18–20 (in Bulgarian)

Ashley. P.M., 1989, Geochemistry and mineralogy of tephroite-bearing rocks from the Hoskins manganese mine, New South Wales, Australia: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlung, v. 161, p. 85-111.

Astrup, J., and Tsikos, H., 1998, Manganese, in Wilson, M.G.C., and Anhaeusser, C.R., eds., The Mineral Resources of South Africa: Pretoria, SA, Council for Geosciences, Handbook 16, p. 450-460.

B

Bak, K., 2007, Organic-rich and manganese sedimentation during the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary event in the Outer Carpathian basins: a new record from the Skole Nappe, Poland: Paleo3, v. 256, p. 21-46.

Bandopadhyay, P.C., 1988, Syndepositional and postdepositional features of the manganese ore deposits of the Proterozoic Penganga Group, Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh, India: Mineralium Deposita, v. 23, p. 115-122.

Barbosa, J.S.F., and Sabate, P., 2004, Archean and paleoproterozoic crust of the Sao Francisco craton, Bahia, Brazil: geodynamic features: Precambrian Research, v. 133, p. 1-27.

Basilevskaya, E. S., 1976, Chemical mineralogical investigations of manganese ores. Trudy Akademii Nauk SSSR Geologicheskii Institut No. 287.

Bau, M., and Dulski, P., 1996, Distribution of yttrium and rare-earth elements Penge and Kuruman iron-formations, Transvaal Supergroup, South Africa: Precambrian Research, v. 79, p. 37-55.

Bau, M., and Dulski, P., 1999, Comparing yttrium and rare earths in hydrothermal fluids from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge: implications for Y and REE behavior during near-vent mixing and for the Y/Ho ratio of Proterozoic seawater: Chemical Geology, v. 155, p. 77–90.

Bau, M., and Möller, P., 1993, Rare earth element systematics of the chemically precipitated component in Early Precambrian iron formations and the evolution of the terrestrial atmosphere-hydrosphere-lithosphere system: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 57, p. 2239-2249.

Bau, M., Bühn, B., and Dulski, P., 1993, Spätproterozoische Mn- und Fe-Formationen im Damara Orogen, Namibia. – II. Lanthaniden als genetische Indikatoren: Geologica et Palaeontologica, v. 27, p. 223-224.

Beauvais, A., Melfi, A., Nahon, D., Trescases, J.J., 1987, Pétrologie du gisement latéritique manganésifère d'Azul (Brésil): Mineralium Deposita, v. 22, p. 124-134.

Beauvais, A., Ruffet, G., Hénocque, O., and Colin, F,. 2008, Chemical and physical erosion rhythms of the West African Cenozoic morphogenesis: The 39Ar-40Ar dating of supergene K-Mn oxides: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 113, F04007, doi:10.1029/2008JF000996, 2008

Berger, A. 1968. Geochimie und Lagerstattenkunde des Mangans. In: Clausthaler Hefte zur Lagerstatt und Geochemie des Mineral. Rohstoffe, H. 7, 216 p.

Bernard, A., and Obellianne, J-L., 1963, Aperçu métallogénique sur le gisement de manganèse de Forari: Sciences de la Terre (Nancy), v. 9, p. 121-148.

Beukes, N.J., and Gutzmer, J., 1996, A volcanic-exhalative origin for the world’s largest (Kalahari) manganese field, a discussion of the paper by D.H. Cornell and S.S. Schütte: Mineralium Deposita, v. 31, p. 242-245.

Binns, R.A., Dotter, L.E., and Blacklock, K.A., 2004, Chemistry of  borehole fluids collected at PACMANUS, Papua New Guinea, ODP Leg 193, in Barriga, F.J.A.S., Binns, R.A., Miller, D.J., and Herzig, P.M. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results Volume 193, p. 4.1-4.15.

Blazy, P., and Houot, R., 1969, Treatment of the manganese ore from Tambao, Upper Volta: Unpublished Report, Ecole nationale supérieure de géologie appliqué et de prospection minière - Nancy


Bogdanova, K. 1968. Structure of manganese ore bed in Obrochishte deposit. Rev. Bulg. Geol. Soc. 29: 13–26 (in Bulgarian)

Bolton, B.R., Berents, H.W., and Frakes, L.A., 1990, Groote Eylandt Manganese Deposit, in Hughes, F.E., ed., Geology of the Mineral Deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea: Melbourne, The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, p. 1575-1579.

Bonatti, E., Fisher, D.E., Joensuu, O.,  Rydell, H.S., and Beyth, M., 1972, Iron-manganese-barium deposit from the northern Afar Rift (Ethiopia): Economic Geology, v. 67, p. 717-730.

Bonatti, E., Zerbi, M., Kay, R., and Rydell, H., 1976, Metalliferous deposits from the Apennine ophiolites: Mesozoic equivalents of modern deposits from oceanic spreading centers: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 87, p. 83-94.

Bonhomme, M.G., Gauthier-Lafaye, F., and Weber, F., 1982, An example of Lower Proterozoic sediments: the Francevillian in Gabon: Precambrian Research, v. 18, p. 87-10.

Boni, M., and di Nocera, S., 1977, The geological significance of the manganese-ore mineral facies in the Miocene of the Matese Mountains (Central-Southern Apennines, Italy): Mineralium Deposita, v. 12, p. 281-292.

Brugger, J., and Meisser, N., 2006, Manganese-rich assemblages in the Barrhorn Unit, Turmanntal, central Alps, Switzerland: Canadian Mineralogist, v. 44, p. 229-248.

Bühn, B., Stanistreet, I.G., and Okrush, M., 1992, Late Proterozoic outer shelf manganese and iron deposits at Otjosondu (Namibia) related to the Damaran oceanic opening: Economic Geology, v. 87, p. 1393-1411.

Bühn, B., Okrush, M., Woermann, E., Lehnert, K., and Hoernes, S., 1995, Metamorphic evolution of Neoproterozoic manganese formations and their country rocks at Otjosondu,  Namibia: Journal of Petrology, v. 36, p. 463-496.

C

Cabral, A.R., Moore, J.M., Mapani, B.S., Koubová, M., and Sattler, C-D., 2011, Geochemical and mineralogical constraints on the genesis of the Otjosondu ferromanganese deposit, Namibia: hydrothermal exhalative versus hydrogenetic (including snowball-Earth) origins. South African Journal of Geology, v.114, p. 57-76.

Cairncross, B., Beukes, N.J., and Gutzmer, J., 1997, The Manganese Adventure: Johannesburg, Associated Ore & Metal Corporation Ltd.,  236 pp.

Calvert, S. E., and Pedersen, T. F., 1996, Sedimentary geochemistry of manganese: Implications for the environment of formation of manganiferous black shales: Economic Geology, v. 91, p. 36-47.

Canfield, D. E., 1999, The evolution of the Earth surface sulfur reservoir: American Journal of Science, v. 304, p. 839-861.

Canfield, D. E., and Raiswell, R. W., 1999, The evolution of the sulfur cycle: American Journal of Science, v. 299, p. 697-723.

Cannon, W.F., and Force E.R., 1983, Potential for high-grade shallow-marine manganese deposits in North America, in Shanks, W.C., ed., Cameron Volume on Unconventional Mineral Deposits: New York, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers, p. 175-189.

Casey, J.N., 1956, Manganese in Australia, in Gonzalez-Reyna, J., ed., Symposium Sobre Yacimientos de Manganeso: Mexico City, XX Congreso Geological International, v. 4, p. 247-277.

Chaubert, B., 1973, Occurrence of manganese in the Guianas (South America) and their relation with fundamental structures, in Genesis of Precambrian iron and manganese deposits, Proceedings of the Kiev symposium: Paris, U.N. Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, p. 143-151.

Chen, X., Li, D., Ling, H-F., Jiang, S-Y., 2008, Carbon and sulfur isotopic compositions of basal Datangpo Formation, northern Guizhou, South China: implications for depositional environment: Progress in  Natural Science, v. 18, p. 421–429.

Chetty D. (2008) A geometallurgical evaluation of the ores of the northern Kalahari Manganese Deposit, South Africa. PhD Dissertation, University of Johannesburg (Unpublished).

Chisonga, B. C., Gutzmer, J., Beukes, N. J., & Huizenga, J. M., 2012, Nature and origin of the protolith succession to the Paleoproterozoic Serra do Navio manganese deposit, Amapa Province, Brazil. Ore Geology Reviews47, 59-76.

Choi, J.H., and Hariya, Y., 1992, Geochemistry and depositional environment of Mn oxide deposits in the Tokoro belt, northeastern Hokkaido, Japan: Economic Geology, v. 87, p. 1265-1274.

Chyi, M.S., Crerar, D.A., Carlson, R.W., and Stallard, R.F., 1984, Hydrothermal Mn-deposits of the Franciscan Assemblage, II. Isotope and trace element geochemistry, and implications for hydrothermal convection at spreading centers: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 71, p. 31-45.

Cook, P.J., 1992, Phosphogenesis around the Proterozoic-Phanerozoic transition: Journal of the Geological Society (London), v. 149, p. 615-620.

Cornell, D.H., and Schutte, S.S., 1995, A volcanic-exhalative origin for the world’s largest (Kalahari) manganese field: Mineralium Deposita, v. 30, p. 146-151.

Crerar, D.A., Namson, J., Chyi, M.S., Williams, L., and Feigenson, M.D., 1982, Manganiferous cherts of the Franciscan Assemblage: I. General geology, ancient and modern analogues, and implications for hydrothermal convection at oceanic spreading centers: Economic Geology, v. 77, p. 519-540.

 

D

Dale, N.C., 1915, The Cambrian manganese deposits of Conception and Trinity Bays, Newfoundland: Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, v. 54, p. 371-456.

Dammer D., Chivas A.R. and McDougall I., 1996. Isotopic dating of supergene manganese oxides from the Groote Eylandt deposit, Northern Territory, Australia: Economic Geology 91, 356-401.

Danieilson, A., Moller, P., and Dulski, P., 1992, The europium anomalies in banded iron formations and the thermal history of the oceanic crust: Chemical Geology, v. 97, p. 89-100.

Dasgupta, S., Roy, S., and Fukuoka, M., 1992, Depositional models for manganese oxide and carbonate deposits of the Precambrian Sausar Group, India: Economic Geology, v. 87, p. 1412-1418.

Derry L. A., and Jacobsen S. B. (1990) The chemical evolution of Precambrian seawater: evidence from REEs in banded iron formations. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v.   54,  p. 2965-2977.

Dickens, G.R., and Owens, R.M., 1993, Global change and manganese deposition at the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary: Marine Georesources and Geotechnology, v. 11, p. 27-43.

Dorr, 1945
Doyen, L., 1973, The manganese ore deposit of Kisenge-Kamata (Western Katanga). Mineralogical and sedimentological aspects of the primary ores, in Amstutz, G.C., and Bernard, A.J., eds., Ores in Sediments: Heidelberg, Springer-Verlag, p. 93-100.

Douglas, J.L., 1983, Geochemistry of the Cambrian manganese deposits of eastern Newfoundland: Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St Johns, Nfld Canada.

Dymond, J., Suess, E., and Lyle, M., 1992, Barium in deep-sea sediment: a geochemical proxy for paleoproductivity: Paleoceanography, v. 7, p. 163-181.

 

E

Edmonds, H., and German, C., 2004, Particle geochemistry in the Rainbow hydrothermal plume, mid-Atlantic ridge: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 68, p. 759-772.

El Agami, N.L., Ibrahim, E.H., and Odah, H.H., 2000, Sedimentary origin of the Mn-Fe ore of Um Bogma, Southwest Sinai: geochemical and paleomagnetic evidence: Economic Geology, v. 95, p. 607-620.

EI-Hasan , T. M., AI-Malabeh, A., Kajiwara, Y., and Komuro, K., 2001, Petrology, Mineralogy and Genesis of Wadi Dana Cambrian Manganese Deposit, Central Wadi Araba Region, Jordan: Qatar Univ. Sci. J. v. 21, p. 1-117.

El Rhazi, M., and Hayashi, K-I., 2003, Origin and formational environment of Noda-Tamagawa manganese ore, NE Japan: constraints from isotopic studies: Chemie der Erde, v. 63, p. 149-162.

Emerson, S.R., and Juested, S.S., 1991, Ocean anoxia and the concentration of molybdenum and vanadium in seawater: Marine Chemistry, v. 34, p. 177-196. 

F

Fan, D-L, Dasgupta, S., Bolton, B.R., Hariya, Y., Momoi, H., Miura, H., Li, J-J., and Roy, S., 1992, Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Proterozoic Wafangzi ferromanganese deposit, China: Economic Geology, v. 87, p. 1430-1440.

Fan, D-L., Liu, T_B., Yang, P., and Ye, J., 1993, Occurrence of anthraxolite (bitumen) spheroids in Xiangtan-type manganese carbonate deposits of south China, in Parnell, J., Kucha, H., and Landais, P., Bitumens in Ore Deposits: Berlin, Springer-Verlag, p. 447-458.

Fan, D-L., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J., 1999, Ordovician reef-hosted Jiaodingshan Mn-Co deposit and Dawashan Mn deposit, Sichuan Province, China: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 15, p. 135-151.

Fan, D-L., Ye, J., and Li, J-Y., 1999, Geology, mineralogy, and geochemistry of the Middle Proterozoic Wafangzi ferromanganese deposit, Liaoning Province, China: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 15, p. 31-53.

Fan, D-L., Ye, J., Yin, L-M., and Zhang, R-F., 1999, Microbial processes in the formation of the Sinian Gaoyan manganese carbonate ore, Sichuan Province, China: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 15, p. 79-93.

Feng, L. J., Chu, X. L., Huang, J., Zhang, Q. R., & Chang, H. J. (2010). Reconstruction of paleo-redox conditions and early sulfur cycling during deposition of the Cryogenian Datangpo Formation in South China. Gondwana Research18(4), 632-637.

Ferenczi P, 2001. Iron ore, manganese and bauxite deposits of the Northern Territory. Northern Territory Geological Survey, Report 13.

Flohr, M.J.K., 1992, Geochemistry and origin of the Bald Knob manganese deposit, North Carolina: Economic Geology, v. 87, p. 2023.

Floyd, P.A., and Winchester, J.A., 1978, Identification and discrimination of altered and metamorphosed volcanic rocks using immobile elements: Chemical Geology, v. 21, p. 291-306.

Force E. R., and Cannon W. F., 1988, A depositional model for shallow-marine manganese deposits around black-shale basins: Economic Geology, v. 83, p. 83-117.

Force E. R., and Maynard J. B. (1991) Manganese: Syngenetic deposits on the margins of anoxic basins, in Force, E.R., Eidel, J.J., and Maynard, J.B., eds., Sedimentary and Diagenetic Mineral Deposits: A Basin Analysis Approach to Exploration: Denver CO,  Society of Economic Geologists, p. 147-159.

Freiberg, D.A., 1983, Geologic setting and origin of the Lucifer manganese deposit, Baja California Sur, Mexico: Economic Geology, v. 78, p. 931-943.

Fujinaga, K., Nozaki, T., Nishiuchi, T., Kuwahara, K., and Kato, Y., 2006, Geochemistry and origin of Anani stratiform manganese deposit in the Northern Chichibu belt, central Shikoku, Japan: Resource Geology 56, p. 399-414.

G

GEODE (http://www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Obrochiste.html) – accessed January 2009.

German, C.R., and Von Damm, K.L., 2003, Hydrothermal processes, in Elderfield, H., ed., Treatise on Geochemistry, v. 6, The Oceans and Marine Geochemistry: Oxford, Elsevier-Pergamon, p. 181-222.

Glasby, G.P., 1988, Manganese deposition through geological time: dominance of the post-Eocene deep-sea environment: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 4, p. 135-144.

Graf, J. L., O’Connor, E. A., and Van Leeuwen, P., 1994, Rare earth element evidence of origin and depositional environment of Late Proterozoic ironstone beds and manganese-oxide deposits, SW Brazil and SE Bolivia: Journal of South American Earth Science, v.7, p. 115-133.

Grandin, G., and Perseil, E.A., 1977, Le gisement de manganèse de Mokta (Côte d'Ivoire): Transformations minéralogiques des minerais par action météorique: Bull soc geol France 7, p. 309-317.

Grenne, T., and Slack, J.F., 2003, Paleozoic and Mesozoic silica-rich seawater: evidence from hematitic chert (jasper) deposits: Geology, v. 31, p. 319-322.

Grasselly, Gy., and Pantó, Gy., 1988, Rare earth elements in the manganese deposit of Úrkút (Bakony Mountains, Hungary): Ore Geology Reviews, v. 4, p. 115-124.

Green, D., and Daly, M.C., 1982, Manganese mineralization in Zambia: Transactions of the Institution for Mining & Metallurgy, v. 91, B33-B40.

Gutzmer, J., 1996, Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Gutzmer, J., and Beukes, N.J., 1996, Mineral paragenesis of the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 11, p. 405-428.

Gutzmer, J., and Beukes, N.J., 1996, Karst-hosted fresh-water Paleoproterozoic manganese deposits, Postmasburg, South Africa: Economic Geology, v. 91, p. 1435-1454.

Gutzmer, J., and Beukes, N.J., 1998, The manganese formation of the Neoproterozoic Penganga Group, India -- revision of an enigma: Economic Geology, v. 93, p. 1091-1102. Discussion by Roy, S., and Roy, S., 2000, v. 95, p. 237-238; Reply, v. 95, p. 239-240.

Gutzmer, J., Beukes, N.J., Rhalmi, M., and Mukhopadhyay, J., 2006, Cretaceous karstic cave-fill manganese-lead-barium deposits of Imini, Morocco: Economic Geology, v. 101, p. 385-406.

Gutzmer, J., Schaefer, M.O., and Beukes, N.J., 2002, Red bed-hosted oncolitic manganese ore of the Paleoproterozoic Soutpansberg Group, Bronkhorstfontein, South Africa: Economic Geology, v. 97, p. 1151-1166.

H

Haraldsson, C. and Westerlund, S., 1988, Trace metals in the water columns of the Black Sea and the Framvaren fjord: Marine Chemistry, v. 23, p. 417-424.

Haruna, M., Satoh, H., Banno, M., Kono, M., and Bunno, M., 2002, Mineralogical and oxygen isotopic constraints on the origin of contact-metamorphosed bedded manganese deposit at Nagasawa, Japan: The Canadian Mineralogist, v. 40, p. 1069-1089.

Hein, J.R., and Koski, R.A., 1987, Bacterially-mediated diagenetic origin for chert-hosted manganese deposits in the Franciscan Complex, California Coast Ranges: Geology, v.15, p. 722-726.

Hein, J.R., and Bolton, B.R., 1993, Composition and origin of the Moanda manganese deposit, Gabon: Mbabane, Swaziland, Extended Abstracts, 16th Colloquium of African Geology, p. 150-152.

Hein, J.R., Koski, R.A., and Yeh, H-W., 1987, Chert-hosted manganese deposits in sedimentary sequences of the Franciscan Complex, Diablo Range, California, in Hein, J.R., ed., Siliceous Sedimentary Rock-Hosted Ores and Petroleum: New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold, p. 206-230.

Hein, J.R., Fan, D-L., Ye, J., Liu, T-B., and Yeh, H-W., 1999, Composition and origin of Early Cambrian Tiantaishan phosphorite-Mn carbonate ores, Shaanxi Province, China: Ore Geology Reviews, v. 15, p. 95-134.

Hein, J.R., Stamatakis, M.G., and Dowling, J.S., 2000, Trace metal-rich Quaternary hydrothermal manganese oxide and barite deposit, Milos Island, Greece: Transactions of the Institution for Mining & Metallurgy, v. 109, p. B67-B76.

Hein, J.R., Koski, R.A., Embley, R.W., Reid, J., and Chang, S-E., 2001, Diffuse-flow hydrothermal field in an oceanic fracture zone setting, Northeast Pacific: Deposit composition: Exploration and Mining Geology, v. 8, p. 299-322.

Hénocque, O., Ruffet, G., Colin, F., and Féraud, G., 1999, 40Ar/39Ar dating of West African lateritic cryptomelanes: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 62, p. 2739-2756.

Holland, H.D., 2003, The geologic history of seawater, in Elderfield, H., ed., Treatise on Geochemistry, v. 6, The Oceans and Marine Geochemistry: Oxford, Elsevier-Pergamon, p. 583-626.

Horen, A., 1953, The manganese mineralization at the Merid Mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil, Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Harvard University, 224 p.

Holstam, D., and Mansfeld, J., 2001, Origin of a carbonate-hosted Fe-Mn-(Ba-As-Pb-Sb-W) deposit of Långban-type in central Sweden: Mineralium Deposita, v. 36, p. 641-657.

Huckreide, H., and Meischner, D., 1996, Origin and environment of manganese-rich sediments within black-shale basins: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 60, p. 1399-1413.

I

Ilani, S., Kronfeld, J., Flexer, A. and Livnat, A., 1990. Epigenetic manganese occurrences within Cretaceous strata of Israel: Mineralium Deposita 25, 231-236.

J

Jach, R., and Dudek, T., 2005, Origin of a Toarcian manganese carbonate/silicate deposit from the Krížna unit, Tatra Mountains, Poland: Chemical Geology, v. 224, p. 136-152.

Jenkyns, H.C., Gréczy, B., and Marshall, J.D., 1991, Jurassic manganese carbonates of central Europe and the Early Toarcian anoxic event: Journal of Geology, v. 99, p. 137-149.

Jewell, P.W., 2000, Bedded barite in the geologic record, in Glenn, C.R., Prévôt-Lucas, L., and Lucas, J., eds., Marine Authigenesis: From Global to Microbial: Tulsa, Society for Sedimentary Geology, Special Publication 66, p. 147-161.

Jewell, P.W., and Stallard, R.F., 1991, Geochemistry and paleoceanographic setting of central Nevada bedded barites: Journal of Geology, v. 99, p. 151-170.

Jiedong, Y., Weiguo, S., Zongzhe, W., Yaosong, X., & Xiancong, T., 1999, Variations in Sr and C isotopes and Ce anomalies in successions from China: evidence for the oxygenation of Neoproterozoic seawater?. Precambrian Researchv. 93, p. 215-233.

Johnson, D.T., Poulton, S.W., Fralick, P.W., Wing, B.A., Canfield, D.E., and Farquhar, J., 2006, Evolution of the oceanic sulfur cycle at the end of the Paleoproterozoic: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 70, p. 5723-5739.

Jones, S., 2011, Proterozoic deformation in the east Pilbara Craton and tectonic setting of fault-hosted manganese at the Woodie Woodie mine. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 58, p. 639-673.

Jones, S., McNaughton, N. J., & Grguric, B., 2013, Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviewsv. 50, p. 52-82.

Jorge, R.C.G.S., Barriga, F.J.A.S., and Relvas, J.M.R.S., 1998, Soloviejo manganese deposit: Mineralogy and Geochemistry, progress report: Cominicacões do Insituto Geologico e Mineiro, v. 84, p. B103-B106.

Juárez-Santillán, L.F., Lucho-Constantino, C.A., Vázquez-Rodríguez, G.A., Cerón-Ubilla, N.M., Beltrán-Hernández, R.I., 2010, Manganese accumulation in plants of the mining zone of Hidalgo, Mexico: Bioresource Technology, v. 101, p. 5836-5841.

K

Kah, L.C., Lyons, T.W., and Frank, T.D>, 2004, Low marine sulphate and protracted oxygenation of the Proterozoic biosphere: Nature, v.  431, p. 834-838.

Kalinenko, V.V., Shumikhina, I.V., and Gusareva, A.I., 1965, Manganiferous sediments and the distribution of V, Cr, Ni, Co and Cu in the Laba Deposit: in Sapozhnikov, D.G., ed., Manganese Deposits of the Soviet Union, Manganese Deposits of the Soviet Union Moscow: Academy of Sciences of the USSR.  English translation, 1970, Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, p. 267-283.

Karakus, A., Yavuz, B., and Koç, C., 2010, Mineralogy and major-trace element geochemistry of the Haymana Manganese Mineralizations, Ankara, Turkey: Geochemistry International, v. 48, p. 1014–1027.

Kato,Y., Fujinaga, K., Nozaki, T., Osawa, H., Nakamura, K., and Ono, R., 2005, Rare earth, major and trace elements in the Kunimiyama ferromanganese deposit in the Northern Chichibu Belt, central Shikoku, Japan: Resource geology, v.55,  p. 291-299.

Klein C., and Beukes, N. J., 1993, Sedimentology and geochemistry of the glaciogenic late Proterozoic Rapitan iron-formation in Canada: Economic Geology, v.88, p. 542-565.

Klein, C. and Ladeira, E. A., 2004, Geochemistry and mineralogy of Neoproterozoic banded iron-formations and some selected manganese formations from the Urucum district, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil: Economic Geology, v. 99, p. 1233-1244.

Kleinschrot, D., Klemd, R., Brocker, M., Okrusch, M., Franz, L., Schmidt, K., 1994, Protores and country rocks of the Nsuta manganese deposit (Ghana): N. Jb. Miner. Abh. 168, p. 67-108.

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